Former MP Dusan Prorokovic submitted the Belgrade platform proposal for dialogue with Pristina to the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia today.
„A document entitled ‘The Platform Proposal for a Dialogue on a Comprehensive and Legally Binding Agreement for the Normalization of Relations between Belgrade and Pristina’ was submitted to the National Assembly today,“ Dusan Prorokovic told KoSSev, immediately after filing the document at the administrative office of the National Assembly.
He stated that the National Assembly is not obliged to take into consideration his proposal, but that he believes it necessary for Serbia to have a dialogue platform, so that the entire reaction to the Pristina platform will not be limited only to the messages of officials which do not bind anyone, not in a legal or in a political sense.
„First, we have to remind the negotiators from Serbia that a Constitution of the state they lead exists, then we need to remind the international representatives that there is a complex legal, political and historical heritage, and the Albanians, that they cannot start with negotiations with the maximalism included in their platform. I expect for a debate to start in Serbia on the Serbian platform, and that would be the key effect of everything. Belgrade cannot, should not, base its policy on improvisations. Otherwise, even as a former deputy, I am obliged to preserve the reputation of the National Assembly and take care of the constitutional order of the country,“ Prorokovic explained the reason for submitting this proposal.
How to find a mutually acceptable solution for a territorial dispute:
The goals defined by the platform are „finding a mutually acceptable solution for the territorial dispute between Belgrade and Pristina with the support of interested international actors (five permanent members of the UN SC)“ as well as „normalizing the relationship between Belgrade and Pristina“.
According to the platform, normalization includes finding a solution that makes it possible to: „preserve the territorial integrity of the Republic of Serbia, to provide essential autonomy for Kosovo Albanians with elements of international representation, to overcome the factual situation in order to ensure long-term regional security, among other things, and to define the definition of delimitation, as well as to obtain guarantees from international actors to implement the agreed.“
20 principles for achieving a comprehensive legally binding agreement
There are 20 principles for achieving a comprehensive and legally binding agreement for the normalization of relations.
This agreement must be in accordance with the current Constitution of the Republic of Serbia, which „cannot be changed for the needs of the agreement“. This platform emphasizes that the Preamble is considered an integral part of the Constitution. Resolution 1244 is the basis for finding a compromise solution, and in this context, the tendency towards ensuring „broad autonomy and essential self-government for Kosovo“ is expressed.
„The agreement reached will only be applied after the UN SC declares its position in a proper form.“ By confirming the agreement, five permanent members of the UN Security Council guarantee its implementation.
The platform also defined the political goals of the Republic of Serbia in dialogue with representatives of the Kosovo Albanians.
The political goals of the Republic of Serbia in the process of dialogue with the representatives of the Kosovo Albanians include:
– preserving the territorial integrity of the Republic of Serbia;
– providing reciprocal collective rights to Serbian and other non-Albanian communities in Kosovo on the principle of „autonomy within autonomy“;
– additional protection of Serbian cultural heritage in Kosovo;
– protection of property and other rights of the entities from the so-called „Serbia proper“ in the territory of Kosovo;
– the precise definition of the term demarcation through:
-functional delimitation of the competencies in relations between the institutions of the Republic of Serbia and the bodies of provincial self-government, as well as the functional delimitation of competences between the institutions of provincial self-government and the Association of Serb Municipalities on the principle of non-interference in internal affairs. Internal issues include defined competencies that will be inalienable;
– territorial delimitation between local self-governments of the Serbian community included in the Association of Serb Municipalities and self-government bodies.
„South Kosovo/ Kosovo Self-Government“ is a term that would be acceptable for representation in international organizations.
Accordingly, it is envisaged that „South Kosovo/Kosovo Self-Government“ will have the right to „open its own representative offices/offices with international organizations and consular departments in other countries in order to realize international representation, fulfill obligations and use rights defined by the Agreement“.
This option, however, does not imply the opening of diplomatic representations in the ranks of embassies and/or missions.
A list of international organizations in which „South Kosovo/Kosovo Self-Government“ will be able to independently and self-reliantly participate will be determined by an annex to the Agreement and it will not include membership in the UN. The Republic of Serbia will not block the admission of “South Kosovo/Kosovo Self-Government” into international organizations on the defined list.
Property issues will be resolved according to agreed principles, and direct enforcement powers will be provided by the Kosovo Property Agency.
The fate of the missing persons and the investigation of war crimes in the territory of Kosovo will be conducted by the competent and verified commissions of both sides.
In order for all of this to be implemented, the establishment of the Council for the Implementation of the Agreement is envisaged, which will consist of one representative of the Republic of Serbia, one representative of the bodies of self-government and one international representative, under the authority of the UN Security Council. The council will make decisions with a consensus.
By amending the Law on the National Assembly, readiness to ensure that representatives of Kosovo Albanians are provided with a certain contingent of positions in the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia is also expressed.
According to the platform, „due to the unpredictability of the course of negotiations, as well as a series of unilateral steps taken by the Albanian side in the previous period, the Government of the Republic of Serbia is left with the possibility of introducing reciprocal measures in special situations.“ This will „strengthen the position of the negotiating team and influence the prevention of further unilateral steps of the provisional self-government in Pristina“.
Reciprocal measures include cancellation of previously agreed arrangements, which are not respected; introduction of various types of sanctions; active political work to reduce the number of states that have established diplomatic relations with the so-called „Republic of Kosovo“; preventing the joining of the so-called „Republic of Kosovo“ into international organizations.
About the author
Dusan N. Prorokovic is a professor at the Faculty of Diplomacy and Security in Belgrade. He is a scientific associate at the Belgrade Institute of International Politics and Economy, where he is head of the Center for Eurasian Studies and Executive Director of the Center for Strategic Alternatives from Belgrade. Prorokovic has a Ph.D in Political Science and a Ph.D in Security. He studied in Belgrade, receiving a master’s degree in Prague and a Ph.D. in Slovakia, and later in Belgrade. During the 2000s he was politically active, taking part in the process of negotiations on the future status of Kosovo under the auspices of the UN, for which he performed a number of important functions in the legislative and executive authority of the Republic of Serbia. In addition to his native language, he also speaks five other languages.
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